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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁雪茵、鄭博壎(1994年,1月)。研究者的角色與主觀性:以兩個研究為例。載於中央研究院民族學研究所舉辦之「社會科學研究方法檢討與前瞻」第二次科技研討會質化研究、次級分析與綜合方法(頁1-21),台北市。
  2. 吳清山、蔡菁芝(2006)。英美兩國教育績效責任之比較分析及其啟示。師大學報:教育類,51(1),1-21。
  3. 吳璧如(2001)。家長參與學校教育:實務工作者與學者看法之分析。教育研究集刊,47,185-213。
  4. 林明地(1998b)。國民中學校長對家長參與之態度研究。國立中正大學學報,9(1),93-136。
  5. 林孟皇(2000)。家長之公立學校選擇權。國立台灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭欣宜(2015)。學生校園安全觀感與家長參與對學科自信的影響-以TIMSS 2011資料庫為例。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-531。 
  2. 陳宗聲(2012)。臺北市國民中學導師輪替機制之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-205。
  3. 葉靖岑(2013)。不同性別家長參與學校教育事務之研究-以一所國中為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-198。
  4. 周怡妤(2013)。團體親子音樂育療課程對唐氏症幼兒發展及親子關係歷程之個案研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-245。
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