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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁惠民(譯)(2006),H. K. Rampersad(著):個人平衡計分卡:提升幸福感、快樂指數及工作滿意度的行動藍圖(Personal Balanced Scorecard: The Way to Individual Happiness, Personal Integrity, and Organizational Effectiveness)。台北:美商麥格羅.希爾。(原著出版於2006年)
  2. 方又圓、唐福瑩(2006):臨床護理師專業態度。志為護理,5(4),73-79。
  3. 王保進、黃耀農(2004):從標準到標竿:主要國家高等教育評鑑標準對我國之啟示。載於國立台灣師範大學教育研究中心(主編),教育評鑑回顧與展望學術研討會(95-115頁)。編者。
  4. 沈宜純(2007):身心障礙類特殊教育教師評鑑指標意見調查及其應用之研究-以高雄縣市為例。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  5. 吳政達(2003):國民中小學教師評鑑政策之可行性評估。台北市立師範學院初等教育學刊,15,83-108。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳泰運(2013)。家具設計知識數位學習平台之架構。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-319。 
  2. 林佳嬅(2013)。以平衡計分卡探討私立高職經營之研究-以某高職為例。中正大學高階主管管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-95。
  3. 李瑋玲(2016)。兒童產業師資培訓計畫評鑑指標建構:平衡計分卡之應用。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2016。1-120。
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