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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許瑛玿、鄒治華、張俊彥、謝惠珠(2002)。調查台灣地區國中學生颱風概念理解現況。科學教育月刊,255,2-11。
  2. 陳盈霖(2005)。探究臺灣中小學教師對於天然災害防災知識與態度素養調查。國立台灣師範大學地球科學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 陳培凱(2007)。中學地球科學教師個人背景與其地球科學教育目標看法之研究。國立臺灣師範大學地球科學所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 楊兆琪(2007)。以問題導向的合作學習模式探究國小六年級學童對「颱風」主題之概念學習。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 劉建華(2005)。國小學童颱風豪雨等天然災害知識及態度調查之研究。臺北市立師範學院科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張銜陞(2011)。颱風事件對民眾居住環境品質影響之研究-以東港與佳冬地區為例。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2011。1-101。 
  2. 陳麗如(2014)。高中生災害防救知識自我效能、災害防救態度與災害世界觀之相關性研究。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-99。
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