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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王意茹(1997),《當代自由主義社會公民德行之研究》,國立台灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 朱采慧(2000),〈新編國中與高中歷史教科書銜接性的探討-以日治時期為例〉,《歷史教育》,7期,頁71-118。
  3. 江宜樺(1998),《自由主義、民主主義與國家認同》,台北:揚智文化。
  4. 吳婌菱(2008),《國中社會學習領域公民課程與高中公民與社會課程銜接之研究 - 以法律部分為例》,國立台灣師範大學政治學研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 林火旺(2005),〈審議民主與公民養成〉,《台大哲學評論》,29期,頁99-143。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃淳鈴(2012)。探究國高中地理教材之空間思維能力銜接。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-98。 
  2. 趙彩杏(2012)。2001年至2009年高中入學考試公民試題之研究。臺灣師範大學三民主義研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-165。
  3. 邱碧蓮(2014)。國中公民科教科書及其能力指標之分析。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2014。1-222。
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