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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 人本教育基金會(2004),人本2004年國中、小校園體罰問卷調查,人本教育札記,第一七九期,頁17。
  2. 人本教育基金會(2004),近七成中小學生在校遭體罰-將推動台灣成為第36個立法禁止體罰國家,人本教育札記,第一七九期,頁38-39。
  3. 人本教育基金會(2004),人本2004年國中、小校園體罰問卷報告,人本教育札記,第一七九期,頁40-45。
  4. 人本教育基金會(2005),到底多痛?只有小孩知道,校園體罰問卷調查報告,人本教育札記,第一九三期,頁38-45。
  5. 人本教育基金會(2005),校園體罰-突顯校園不重視學生人權,人本教育札記,第一九三期,頁46-49。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 阮雅芸(2013)。新北市國民中學教師知覺管教方式之認同度與有效性研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-140。 
  2. 韓筱玲(2012)。高雄市國民中學教師人權教育素養與管教行為之相關研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-183。
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