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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹玫君、王瑞玉(2008),〈國小網路著作權教學設計與實施成效之探討〉,《教育研究學報》,第42卷第1期,頁57-78。
  2. 江美慧(2004),《國中生的公民知識與態度之研究—以高雄市國三
  3. 林嘉音(1998),《台北市高職學生法律知識與法治態度之研究》,
  4. 林崇欽(2004),《線上調查系統發展及國中生資訊倫理態度與行為研究》,國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育研究所碩士論文,台北,未出版。
  5. 林宜隆、陳富添(2001),〈網路偏差行為之初探〉,《2001年第五屆資訊管理學術暨警政資訊實務研討會論文集》,頁80-85。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩芬(Pei-Fen Wu);周倩(Chien Chou)(2016)。國小五年級網路資源合理使用之教學設計行動研究。教育科學研究期刊。61(4)。147-176。 
  2. 盧俊哲(2012)。國中生網路非行認知與態度關係之研究-以澎湖縣為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-127。
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