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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林新沛(2005):標準化迴歸係數的正確解釋。中山管理評論,13卷,2期,533-548頁。
  2. 沈欣怡(2007):「推論性問題引導課程」對國小四年級學童推論理解與閱讀理解能力之影響。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士論文。
  3. 連啟舜(2001):國內閱讀理解教學研究成效之統合分析研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 蘇宜芬、林清山(1992)。後設認知訓練課程對國小低閱讀能力學生的閱讀理解能力與後設認知能力之影響。教育心理學報,25卷,45-267頁。
  5. 魏靜雯(2004):心智繪圖與摘要教學對國小五年級學生閱讀理解與摘要能力之影響。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊光(2012)。國小學生線上閱讀歷程與閱讀表現之研究。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-133。
  2. 王雅眉(2016)。推論策略融入文言文教學對國中生閱讀理解之影響。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2016。1-211。
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