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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂艾穎 (2003)。教師信念與教師評量:兩位大學英文教師之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學英文所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 李佳穎(2005)。外籍成人學習者華語文學習型態之研究;跨文化美日兩國比較觀點。國立師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 沈育葶(2008)。原住民學校之漢族教師的教師角色認同及角色期望。國立台東大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台東市。
  4. 沈佳儀(2007)。 社區大學教師英語與跨文化教學之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學社教所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 沈靜濤(2009)。一所國中推動教師專業發展評鑑與專業學習社群之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 凃松亞(2014)。移民經驗與跨文化教師教學實踐之敘事研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-129。 
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