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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王梅美、林美良(2003)。讓她洗得更舒適-照護一位腹膜透析患者之護理經驗。新臺北護理期刊,5(2),103-114。
  2. 毛莉雯、邱亨嘉、張碧玉、黃素貞、黃尚志(2008)。透析模式對台灣末期腎臟疾病病患者健康相關生活品質之影響。高雄醫誌,24, 453-60。
  3. 江慧珠(1996)。尋找末期腎病患者生命的意義。 護理雜誌,43(4),92-96。
  4. 李明濱,廖士程,李宇宙,吳佳璇,曾美智,高淑芬,饒紀倫(2003)。簡式精神症狀驗檢表之信效度研究。臺灣醫學會雜誌,102(10),687-694。
  5. 呂理哲(2002)。腹膜功能測試。腎臟與透析,14(2),57-59。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 歐春鷰(2012)。血液透析病患日常生活功能、心理困擾與遵從醫囑狀況及其相關因素之研究-以臺北市某兩家醫院為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-119。
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