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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石之瑜 (2005),〈消失的中間選民:2004年總統大選對空間理論的修正〉,《問題與研究》,第44卷第4期,頁1-24。
  2. 吳重禮、許文賓 (2003),〈誰是政黨認同者與獨立選民?以2001年台灣地區選民政黨認同的決定因素為例〉,《政治科學論叢》,第18期,頁101-140。
  3. 吳重禮、徐英豪、李世宏 (2004),〈選民分立政府心理認知與投票行為:以2002年北高市長暨議員選舉為例〉,《政治科學論叢》,第21期,頁75-116。
  4. 林長志、黃 紀(2007),〈不同層級中之一致與分裂投票:2005年台北縣之分析〉,《問題與研究》,第46卷第1期,頁1-33。
  5. 胡幼偉、林佩霓、林政谷 (2006),〈台灣中間選民社會背景、心理特質與傳播行為分析〉,發表於中華傳播學會年會,台北。
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