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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 541 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 10.中央研究院近代史研究所藏,北京政府《外交檔案》。
    2. 2. 《中央日報》(南京、漢口)。
    3. 3. 王克文,《汪精衛‧國民黨‧南京政權》,臺北:國史館,民國90年。
    4. 24.吳相湘,《第二次中日戰爭史》,上冊,臺北:綜合月刊社,民國62年。
    5. 29.呂芳上,《革命之再起-中國國民黨改組前對新思潮的回應(1914-1924)》,臺北:中央研究院近代史研究所專刊之57,民國88年,初版二刷。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林亨芬(2010)。從封貢到平行:甲午戰爭前後的清韓關係(1894-1898)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2010。1-128。
    2. 許琴英(2012)。鄧澤如與中國革命(1907-1934)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2012。1-126。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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