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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李玉馨(2009)。新手教師的使命與困境:從Dewey哲學論台北是教學導師制度之改進。當代教育研究,17,1。
  2. 孫志麟(2007)。績效控制或專業發展?大學教師評鑑的兩難。教育實踐與研究,20,95-128。
  3. 孫志麟(2008)。學校本位教師評鑑的實踐與反思。教育實踐與研究,21,63-94。
  4. 高強華(1992)。教師信念研究及其在學校教育革新上的意義。台灣師範大學教育研究所輯刊,34,85-112。
  5. 張新仁、吳裕益、馮莉雅(2002)。國中教師教學效能評鑑工具之分析。測驗年刊, 48,2,17-33。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許佩雯(2016)。教師專業發展評鑑之個案研究-以一所國中為例。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-178。
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