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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文秀、徐西森、連廷嘉(2006)。我國大學院校與社會輔導機構諮商督導工作實施現況及其人員專業知覺之探討研究。中華輔導學報,19,1-40。
  2. 白文正(2006)。臺北市扶輪社員服務動機與服務學習滿意度之研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。未出版,台北。
  3. 朱素芬(2009)。高中職輔導教師之督導者專業知能的研究。國立暨南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所碩士論文,未出版,南投縣。
  4. 何俊賢(2006)。台北縣國民小學女性志工參與志願服務動機與滿意度之研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。未出版,台北。
  5. 吳啟明(2005)。焦點解決諮商歷程介紹。諮商與輔導,239,2-7。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈琮閔(2011)。慈濟醫療志工服務學習歷程之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2011。1-164。
  2. 李淑卿(2013)。慈濟居家關懷與長期照顧訪視志工服務學習之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-154。
  3. 羅玉彩(2013)。生命線志願工作者感恩、因應策略與心理幸福感之關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-158。
  4. 林欣儀(2014)。中高齡者自主服務學習之研究: 學習、改變、增能的故事。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-97。
  5. 蔡惠芬(2014)。高齡者參與服務學習及其生命意義之研究-以某樂齡學習示範中心高齡志工為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-149。
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