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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宗吉(1999)。臺北市青少年休閒運動傾向之調查研究。臺北市:臺北市政府教育局。
  2. 宇炫明(2008)。南投縣高中職學生運動行為及其影響因素之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  3. 李仁佐(2007)。臺中縣市高中職學生休閒運動參與動機及阻礙之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立彰化師範大學,彰化。
  4. 卓俊辰(1992)。體適能-健身運動處方的理論與實際。臺北市:中華民國體育學會。
  5. 洪志忠(2008)。澎湖地區青少年休閒運動參與現況之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃任閔;趙嘉裕;趙元楷(2013)。屏東縣慢速壘球運動參與者參與動機與休閒阻礙因素之研究。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。12(3)。172-185。 
  2. 張淑美(2012)。臺北市立北投國民中學學生課後運動參與動機及阻礙因素之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-134。
  3. 吳盛文(2012)。新竹縣公立國中生休閒運動參與動機、阻礙因素與休閒效益之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-136。
  4. 林志豪(2013)。雲林縣公立高中職生運動參與行為與幸福感之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-104。
  5. 張惠雯(2015)。高中職高學業成就學生參與運動訓練之動機、阻礙因素及因應策略。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
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