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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淮真(2001)。旅客對導覽解說滿意度之研究-以國立故宮博物院為例。中國文化大學觀光事業研究所碩士論文,已出版,臺北。
  2. 余紫瑛(2000)。探索教育活動影響國中學生自我概念及人際關係之實驗研究。國立臺灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文,已出版,臺北。
  3. 李再長、黃麗鴦(2007)。在職人士進修之學習動機、學習滿意度及學習績效之相關研究-以成大碩士在職專班為例。人力資源學報,7(4),1-24。
  4. 林佩蒨(2008)。遊客對文化觀光的認知、導覽解說服務滿意度與重遊意願關係之研究—以鹿港地區為例。靜宜大學管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中。
  5. 林振春(1995)。社區教育的基本理念。社會建設季刊,90,19-25。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄧欣如(2011)。高齡族群人機介面中成就感與親密感之評估。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-64。
  2. 羅雅馨(2011)。高齡者參與課程式休閒活動之學習歷程與自我效能增進關係之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-294。
  3. 黃敏婷(2013)。社區導覽員解說知能學習經驗之探究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-131。
  4. 董瑞國(2016)。高齡文化導覽志工自我導向學習經驗之探索。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-272。
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