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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜素慧(2004),醫院病房區清潔外包管理方式對外包績效影響之探討-- 以北部地區六家醫學中心為例,臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所碩士論 文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 呂明憲(2007)。公立醫院公辦民營個案問題之研究。國立成功大學建築研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  3. 林隆儀、李水河(2005) 。關係品質在服務外包對組織績效的影響效果之研究-以交通部暨所屬機關為例。台灣管理學刊第5卷第1期,頁75-100 。
  4. 洪富珍(2008)。醫院醫療業務外包管理之探索性研究—以血液透析服務為例。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系暨碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  5. 祝道松(1997)。管理控制系統對醫院部門效能影響之探討—以台灣區區域級以上財團法人為例。國立中山大學企業管理研究所博士論文。未出版,高雄市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇淑芬(2011)。署立醫院外包業務管理策略對外包績效之影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-83。 
  2. 徐翊倫(2017)。醫院非核心醫療業務委外經營之研究 -以中部某救護車營業機構為例。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2017。1-77。
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