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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美玲(2002)。大專學生自我知覺的親子關係與人格特質對自殺意念的影響。私立中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文。未出版,桃園。
  2. 徐珮旂(2010)。國中生父母教養態度、友誼品質與幸福感之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。未出版,臺北。
  3. 陳光安(2009)。澎湖縣國小學生的家庭環境、母親管教方式與親子關係之研究:以新移民與本國籍為例。國立台北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文。未出版,臺北。
  4. 張美珍(2006)。新移民子女父母管教態度、人際關係及學業成就之研究。國立政治大學學校行政研究所碩士論文。未出版,臺北。
  5. 張春興(1991)。教育心裡學。台北:東華。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪若耘(2011)。新移民家庭親子關係之研究--以伊甸新北市板橋區親子共讀團體為例。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2011。1-165。
  2. 陳朝誠(2013)。新住民族群女性自我導向學習準備度與 家庭關係和諧度之相關研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-194。
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