Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊明、黃堅厚、張景媛(1994):大專學生個人需求量表編製報告。
  2. 王淑棻(2004):臺北市、高雄市國小資優教育教師專業能力、工作壓力、因應策略與職業倦怠之相關研究。屏東師範學院特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 王振德(1999):不同任教年資、專業訓練資優班教師專業能力之比較研究。特殊教育與復健學報,7,33-50。
  4. 李淑靜(2008):花蓮縣國中小資源班教師人格特質與工作壓力之研究。國立臺東大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版。
  5. 車先蕙(譯)(2004):D. Schultz,& S. E. Schultz 著。人格理論(Theories of personality)。臺北:揚智。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃秀玲(2012)。國民中學校長分布式領導、教師人格特質與學校創新經營效能關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-306。 
  2. 林君祝(2011)。桃園縣國民中學教師工作價值觀與工作滿意度關聯性之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-172。 
  3. 林書勤(2011)。大學校院諮商心理師諮商自我效能、工作滿意與身心症狀之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-131。
  4. 周樂馥(2012)。國中特教組長人格特質與工作壓力之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-128。
  5. 陳美慧(2013)。特殊教育教師自我導向學習傾向與工作滿意度關係之研究-以雲嘉地區為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-115。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :