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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白文輝(2005)。由IMG的發展探討臺灣運動管理行銷公司之變化趨勢。運動管理季刊,8,76-84。
  2. 池文海、鍾權宏、陳瑞龍(2003)。應用分析層級程序法於我國政府採購績效評估指標之研究。運籌研究集刊,5,57-82。
  3. 吳榮義(2001)。職業運動業之經濟價值。運動管理季刊,創刊號,6-7。
  4. 吳昭儀(2005)。層級分析法群體決策整合模式之研究。未出版博士論文,國立成功大學,臺南市。
  5. 李展瑋(2008)。臺北市運動中心委外經營營運績效評估指標建構之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姚志憲(2013)。運動選手到教練的生涯轉換:臺灣首位美國職業撞球參賽選手。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-140。 
  2. 梁騰仁(2011)。運動經紀法制化-以運動員經紀為例。中央大學產業經濟研究所學位論文。2011。1-263。
  3. 余靜佳(2012)。台灣民宿經營管理人員能力指標建構之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-269。
  4. 謝長亨(2012)。中華成棒國家代表隊組訓關鍵因素之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2012。1-143。
  5. 郭惠蓉(2012)。臨床教師核心能力指標建構之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2012。1-139。
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