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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 237 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王憲筠(2003)。國內外經營環境改變下我國私立大學院校競爭策略之探討。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 司徒達賢(1995)。策略管理。臺北:遠流出版社。
  3. 甘仲豪(2006)。新世代僑生,近鄉情怯-海外臺灣學校深度報導。臺北:國立臺灣大學新聞研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳清山、林天祐(2001)。教育名詞-策略管理。教育資料與研究,(41):66。
  5. 李美賢、陳雅莉(2007)。後蘇哈托時期中產階級華裔印尼人的認同傾向與教育選擇。臺灣東南亞學刊,4 (2):25-52。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳玉燕(2012)。蘇東牧學校之文化傳承與因應。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2012。1-287。 
  2. 趙玉雯(2011)。華裔學生中文學習動機評析─以瑞士蘇黎世中文學校、伯恩中文學校為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-145。
  3. 胡愛莉(2012)。華文禁令解除後印華文學的發展 — 以印華作協為例。中央大學中國文學系學位論文。2012。1-115。
  4. 沈曉瑩(2012)。從客語聖經翻譯看臺灣教會客家運動。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所學位論文。2012。1-183。
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