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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國浩(2009)。臺北市國民中學兼任行政職務教師角色壓力與工作滿意之研究。國立台北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 王瑞芸(2003)。聞、見、思-九年一貫課程。師友,428,28-29。
  3. 任晟蓀(1985)。國民小學教師工作現況及工作滿足之研究。台東師專學報,13,231-348 。
  4. 李淑馨(2009)。公立職業學校資訊科教師專業成長與工作滿意度關係之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 周昌柏(2005)。桃、竹、苗四縣市教師工作滿意度現況分析。學校行政雙月刊,40,108-123。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝靜瑜(2011)。籃球球員對組織承諾、工作滿意度與生涯規劃之分析-以台灣啤酒籃球隊為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-177。
  2. 葉濟銘(2012)。新北市國民中學男性教師生涯發展與工作滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-117。
  3. 李佳怡(2012)。國中技藝教育專班導師工作滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-129。
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