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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李畇龍(2006)。引導合作學習對於國小學童學習Logo程式設計之影響。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  2. 康錦程(2008)。引導合作學習對於國小學童學習程式設計之影響─以KPL為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  3. 黃正中(2003)。合作學習應用在國中電腦科教學成效之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立彰化師範大學,彰化市。
  4. 蔡依玲(2008)。國小電腦課教學現況調查。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  5. Benaya, T., & Zur, E. (2007). Collaborative Programming Projects in an Advanced CS Course. Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, 22(6), 126-135.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳經燁(2012)。國小學童親子共學Scratch程式設計之個案研究。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-46。
  2. 廖欣姿(2012)。不同分組方式的問題本位學習對八年級學生批判思考能力之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-148。
  3. 蕭杏純(2017)。合作學習法於程式積木學習成效及學習態度之研究--以高市某國小為例。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-79。
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