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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 227 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3.中華民國課程與教學學會主編,《九年一貫課程之展望》,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,台北市,1999年7月初版1刷。
    2. 46.顏佩如,《全球教育課程發展》,冠學文化,台北縣,2007年11月。
    3. 5.徐宇辰,《戰後台灣國(初)中歷史教科書的演變(1948~2007)—以台灣史教材為中心》,國立中興大學歷史學系碩士論文,2008年。
    4. 6.陳束真,《多元文化論在國中社會學習領域歷史教學上的應用—以台灣史教科書中有關原住民的論述為例》,國立台灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班,2006年。
    5. 8.曾玉萍,《國中社會學習領域教科書全球觀教育知識內容分析研究》,國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學習在職進修碩士論文,2007年。
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