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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王楚臻(2008)。現代漢語詞類劃分與教學語法。台北:台灣師範大學華研所碩士論文。(未出版)。
  2. 呂彥菁 (2005)。現代漢語疑問詞什麼的教學語法。台北:國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文(周小兵等2010)(未出版)。
  3. 林君穎(2001)。華語初級教材語法用語及語法點選擇之初探,台灣師範大學華研所碩士論文。(未出版)。
  4. 易荷梅(2007)。現代漢語「離合詞」的研究及其在教學上之運用的探討。台北:國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)。
  5. 陳立元 (2005)。漢語把字句教學語法。台北:國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。(未出版)。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄧麗君(2011)。華語初級教材語法項目的選擇與排序原則之探討。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-110。
  2. 曾競(2011)。現代漢語雙賓結構探析。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-112。
  3. 陳玟妤(2012)。現代漢語「是......的」句次結構分析與教學語法。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2012。1-152。
  4. 廖孟潔(2014)。四位華語文教師文化教學之研究。中正大學課程研究所學位論文。2014。1-246。
  5. 王文宏(2017)。從語料庫探究華語「子」和「兒」的教學排序。清華大學中國語文學系所學位論文。2017。1-152。
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