Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仁傑(1999)。文化脈絡中的積功德行為:以臺灣佛教慈濟功德會的參與者為例,兼論助人行為的跨文化研究。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,85,13-177。
  2. 王全清(2006)。非營利組織志工服務與學習之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 何俊賢(2006)。台北縣國民小學女性志工參與志願服務動機與滿意度之研究。台灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 林佩璇(2000)。行動研究對學校本位課程評鑑的啟示-新世紀的教育改革。台北:國立編譯館。
  5. 鄭淑珍(2005)。教育志工參與及其組織網絡分析:以桃園縣中山國小為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊曉伶(2013)。彩虹愛家生命教育的課程內容與實務教學 —以平鎮市文化國小為例。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2013。1-109。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :