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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 157 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林嘉誠(2003)。〈行政機關續效評估制度的推動與展望〉,《研考雙月刋》,27: 5。
  2. 陳茂祥(2002)。〈我國大學推廣教育現存的問題及未來發展策略之研究〉,《朝陽學報》,7: 261-287。
  3. 郭維哲(2006)。〈學校行銷與組織績效關係之研究-以組織結構為干擾變項〉。《新竹教育大學學報》,22: 25-56。
  4. 張耿偉(2007)。《我國大學公關策略與公眾關係推動現況之研究》。台灣師範大學體育系碩士論文。
  5. 黃懿慧(2001a)。〈90年代台灣公共關係研究之探討:版圖發展、變化與趨勢〉《新聞學研究》,67: 51-86。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭寶寧(2011)。臺中市大學推廣教育人員專業能力之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2011。1-139。 
  2. 孔心怡(2011)。組織與環境–以C大學推廣教育為例。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2011。1-107。
  3. 黃則蓉(2013)。我國大學公共關係運作與策略之調查研究-以設有專責單位的大學為例。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2013。1-115。
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