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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 181 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(2007b):95年身心障礙者生活需求調查報告。台北:內政部。
  2. 朱經明(1999):特殊教育與電腦科技。台北:五南。
  3. 何淑貞(2008):通例課程設計對國小中度智能障礙學生有效日期判斷之學習成效之研究。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 李忠浩(2002):高級職業學校特殊教育班職場實習實施現況之調查研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 林千惠(1995):工作分析與職業技能訓練。載於許天威、徐享良主編,殘障者職業訓練與就業輔導之理論與實務,340-387。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾婉婷(2015)。影帶示範教學應用於中重度智能障礙學生清潔服務技能學習成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-146。 
  2. 莊麒穎(2013)。連鎖餐飲業員工訓練溝通之研究-以速食業為例。長榮大學國際企業學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-92。 
  3. 黃郁婕(2011)。國小中重度智能障礙學生功能性數學課程之教學研究-以時間為例。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-171。
  4. 謝宜婷(2012)。通例教學方案對國中階段中度智能障礙學生職業技能學習之成效。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-105。
  5. 陳奕誠(2012)。運用網路資訊弭減城鄉數位落差之探討研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-126。
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