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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何福田、羅瑞玉(1996)。教育改革與教師專業化。中華民國師範教育學會主編:教育專業(頁1-30)。臺北:師大書苑。
  2. 呂家欣(2008)。石門水庫集水區水資源議題環境教育-以國小三年級進行環境-科學-技術-社會(E-STS)教學為例。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所。
  3. 林蓉敏(2004)。綜合活動學習領域之教學策略研究。北縣教育,49,54-57
  4. 林鈺晟(2007)。以永續校園生態景觀池發展環境教育課程之探討─以台北縣深坑國小為例。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所。
  5. 林坤蓉(2001)。水資源教育價值澄清教學效果之研究~以水資源保護區內某國中一年級學生為例。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所。
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