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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 178 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王正幸(2008)。澎湖縣國中普通班教師特殊教育專業知能成長需求研究。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班論文(未出版)。
  2. 吳素如(2008)。新竹地區課後托育教師專業能力與角色知覺之研究。淡江大學教育學院教育政策與領導研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. 沈翠吟(2003)。國民中學特教組長工作壓力與因應策略之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 林昶菁(2006)。台北縣市國民中小學特殊教育行政協商之研究。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 唐紀絜、林金定、龔仁棉 、吳勝儒、簡言軒、林美專 (2005)。臺灣地區早期療育機構教保人員角色認同與專業能力之關係研究。身心障礙研究,3(3),141-158。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃耀宗(2014)。國民小學行政人員角色知覺、工作壓力與自我效能相關之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-142。 
  2. 黃馨儀(2015)。高中職特教教師對資源班教師角色期望及角色實踐之調查研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-159。 
  3. 郭家辰(2012)。國民中學特教組長溝通行為與領導效能之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-163。
  4. 李佳勳(2012)。屏東縣融合教育班教師特殊教育專業知能學習需求及相關因素之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-160。
  5. 彭怡婷(2013)。特教行政工作的理想與挑戰-國中特教組長的聲音。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-156。
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