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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑪瓏(2004)。用GIS重新解讀日治時期兩套中比例尺地圖。地圖,14,93-104。
  2. 林怡先(2009)。房地產廣告地圖設計特徵之探討(未出版碩士論文)。私立中 國文化大學,台北市。
  3. 洪明宏(1998)。臺灣區地圖之視覺符號調查研究-以單張式臺灣省縣市地圖為主。設計學報,4(1),1-17。
  4. 洪明宏(2003)。由歷史地圖來考察台灣的環境觀~以清朝、日據、民國為主。設計學研究,6(1),21-39。
  5. 高慶珍(1999)。從地理期刊之發表探討台灣近卅年來地圖學之發展趨勢。中國文化大學地理研究報告,12,131-142。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡育真(2014)。淡水河流域渡口空間研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-213。
  2. 陳虹妤(2014)。促進觀光回遊之地圖設計手法—以板橋區為例。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-215。
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