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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱芬郁(2007)。建構活躍老化為願景的高齡者學習社區。載於社團法人中華社區教育學會、國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系(主編),2007年社區高齡教育跨科際整合與實務應用學術研討會論文集(頁103-122)。臺北。
  2. 吳俐頴(2008)。老年人自我照顧能力與健康促進生活型態關係之研究-以高雄縣老人公寓為例。國立臺北教育大學生命教育與健康促進研究所碩士論文。臺北市,已出版。
  3. 陳文增(1998)。老人使用鄉鎮圖書館的情形及態度調查研究:以臺北縣林口鄉立圖書館為例。私立輔仁大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文。臺北縣,已出版。
  4. 陳佩瑱(2008)。國二學生非正式學習管道城鄉差異之研究。國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。臺北市,已出版。
  5. 陳威助(2007)。台灣地區資訊教育與數位落差問題之探討。資訊社會研究,13,193-228。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江景淵(2017)。銀髮族宗教志願服務者之資訊實務:以一貫道天職人員為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-144。
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