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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁一顧(2003)。美、英、紐、日初任教師導入方案及其對我國之啟示。課程及教學季刊,6(3),87-104。
  2. 丁一顧、張德銳(2007)。臺北市教學輔導教師制度實施成效與問題的三年縱貫研究。臺北市立教育大學學報,38(2),1-32。
  3. 王冠智(2004)。臺北市立圖書館人員教育訓練之研究。國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 吳耀明(2004)。國小優良教師對班級經營觀點之研究。國民教育研究學報,12,111-134。
  5. 曾憲政、張新仁、張德銳(2008)。教育部委託「規劃教師專業發展評鑑人才培育進階課程」結案報告。新竹教育大學,未出版。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱芳姿(2012)。我國技術學院學生校外實習成效之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-84。 
  2. 孫元泰(2012)。新北市立國民中學辦理高關懷班方案之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-203。 
  3. 朱順益(2012)。大專校院資管系校外專業實習成效之研究以桃園縣為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2012。1-96。 
  4. 張家瑋(2016)。臺北市國中教學輔導教師制度實施成效之調查研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-126。
  5. 汪定慧(2018)。臺灣推動公務人員數位學習文獻之內容分析。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2018。1-131。
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