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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國大專體育總會(1997)。 1997年國際大專運動教練研討會報告書。中國文化大學運動教練研究所。
  2. 吳忠誼(2006)。運動員的身體故事-「運動人」、「不馴服」。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。未出版,臺北市。
  3. 李佑峰(2006)。經驗、知識、記憶--一位高中籃球教練的敘說探究。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系博士論文。未出版,臺北市。
  4. 林慶宏(2006)。衝突、衝動、衝擊-桌球選手與教練互動關係敘說。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。未出版,臺北市。
  5. 邱惟真、丁興祥(1999)。朱光潛多重自我的對話與轉向:一種敘說建構取向。應用心理研究,2,211-249。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許雅筑(2013)。大專公開男子組第一級籃球替補員運動經驗之敘說研究。高雄師範大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-143。 
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