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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Frank, I.M., Elliott, M., & Johnson, R. (1986, October). The effects of experience and attentional focus on the detection of performance differentces in a gymnastic technique. Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, Montreal,.
  2. Frank, I.M., Miller, G. (1986). Eyewitness testimony in sport. Journal of sport behavior, 9, 38-45.
  3. Frank, I.M., Miller, G.(1991). Training coaches to observe and remember. Journal of Sports Sciences, 9, 285-297.
  4. Franks, I. M., Elliott, M. and Johnson, R. (1985, Octtober). The effects of experience and attentional focus on the detection and location of performance difference differences in a gymnastic technique. Paper presented to the Canadian Society for Psychomotor learning and Sport Psychology, Montreal.
  5. Franks, I. M., Miller, F. (1991). Training coaches to observe and remember. Journal of Sport Sciences, 9, 285-297.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林如瀚(Ju-Han Lin);余國豪(Kuo-Hao Yu)(2012)。籃球比賽策略的動態偵查。中華體育季刊。26(1)。147-152。 
  2. 陳毅桓(2012)。戰術?!戰略?!化繁為簡-量化羽球單打戰術分析。臺灣師範大學運動科學研究所學位論文。2012。1-59。
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