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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 173 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文宜、闕月清(2010)。聆聽學生的聲音:直接教學與問題導向學習教學策略之質性分析。體育學報,43(4),93-108。
  2. 王佳慧、李碧霞、鄭綺、高靖秋、楊勤熒、蔡仁貞(2006)。護理人員疲倦/活力度、健康促進生活型態與健康相關生活品質之研究。新臺北護理期刊,8(1),7-16。
  3. 王韋婷(2008)。社會問題解決模式在臺灣的適用性及其與壓力、憂鬱的關係。未出版碩士論文,國立政治大學,臺北市。
  4. 王淑華、李建明(2006)。電子計步器之應用效益。大專體育,82,55-60。
  5. 吳盈江(1993)。臨床護士的工作壓力頻率與感受量之編修。護理研究,1(2),113 -125。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃妍綾(2013)。問題導向學習應用於高職經濟學課程之學習滿意度研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  2. 李啟嘉(2012)。ADDIE教學設計模式融入專題導向學習對大學生問題解決能力及自我導向學習傾向影響之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-84。 
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