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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 身心障礙者權益保障法施行細則(民97年4月15日)。
  2. 侯世昌(2002):國民小學家長教育期望、參與學校教育與學校效能
  3. 高宜芝(2007):身心障礙學生家長對幼小轉銜服務需求認知及提供認知之調查研究─以台中地區為例。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺中教育大學,台中市。
  4. 特殊教育法施行細則(民國92年8月7日)。
  5. 陳明聰、王天苗(1997):台北市國小啟智班學生父母參與之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,15,215-235。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑞娟(2012)。報讀與口述回答之評量調整措施對國中學習障礙學生閱讀理解表現之比較研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-132。
  2. 簡群恩(2014)。外加口述影像之評量調整措施對重度視障生在數學科圖題理解之成效。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-140。
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