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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳復中(2001)。概念生態對國中學生呼吸作用概念發展之影響。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學生物學系,臺北市。
  2. 林玟均、盧秀琴(2006)。高中生細胞膜生理現象概念改變教學之發展研究。國立臺北教育大學學報,19(1),67-94。
  3. 林陳涌、徐毓慧(2002)。國一學生對血糖恆定性的先前概念。科學教育學刊,10(4),373-387。
  4. 紀雅芳(2007)。5E學習環融入數學探究教學對八年級學生數學學習動機影響之行動研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所,彰化市。
  5. 范毓娟(1994)。在國中理化課程試行建構主義教學之個案研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所,彰化市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳曉青(2016)。Google Classroom融入5E模式對學生的興趣影響之行動研究─以七年級自然與生活科技為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-158。
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