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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 560 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. (民國)林獻堂等修輯,《臺灣霧峰林氏族譜》,臺灣文獻叢刊第298種,臺北:臺銀經濟研究室,1971。
    2. (光緒)沈茂蔭,《苗栗縣志》,臺灣文獻叢刊第159種,臺北:臺銀經濟研究室,1962;1893年原刊。
    3. (清)林百川、林學源纂輯,《樹杞林志》,臺灣文獻叢刊第63種,臺北:臺銀經濟研究室,1958。
    4. 《清代大租調查書》第四冊,臺灣文獻叢刊第152種,臺北:臺銀經濟研究室,1963。
    5. 《清奏疏選彙》,臺灣文獻叢刊第256種,臺北:臺銀經濟研究室,1968。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳碧秀(2015)。大眾記憶與歷史重述:解嚴後臺灣電影中的殖民經驗再現(1987-2011)。清華大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2015。1-115。
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