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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 336 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹美慧(2007)。國小校長領導風格、創新氣氛與創新成效間關係之研究。靜宜
  2. 王如哲(2002)。知識經濟與教育。臺北市:五南。
  3. 朱經明(2007)。教育及心理統計學。臺北市:五南。
  4. 余嬪、吳靜吉、林偉文與楊潔欣(2003)。成人玩興量表與組織玩興氣氛量表之
  5. 吳清山 (2004)。學校創新經營的理念與策略。教師天地,128,30-44。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳彥茹(2013)。組織創新如何影響員工創新行為?以人力資源和創新氣氛為中介變項。交通大學管理學院管理科學學程學位論文。2013。1-67。 
  2. 吳彥彣(2016)。國民中學組織創新氣氛對教師創新教學影響之研究:以心理資本為中介。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-299。 
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