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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部營建署(2010)。【最新新聞:99年上半年住宅需求動向調查】。取自:
  2. 王舒芸、余漢儀(1997)。奶爸難為:雙親家庭之父職角色初探。婦女與兩性學刊,8,115- 143。
  3. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花(2005)。質性研究訪談模式與實施。載於身心障礙研究,3(2),122-136頁。取自http:// 05june-05.pdf
  4. 林欽榮(2010)。創新區域與創意城市:產業創新與文化創意做為城市再生的動能。載於研考雙月刊,34(6),64-74頁。
  5. 徐亞瑛(1996)。茁根理論介紹─以「台灣地區殘病老人家庭照護品質」研究為例。護理研究,4(3),263-271。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃敏婷(2013)。社區導覽員解說知能學習經驗之探究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-131。
  2. 鄭琇娟(2013)。ISO品質管理系統之內部稽核人員教育訓練成效分析。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2013。1-67。
  3. 黃緻茵(2014)。中高齡男性退休後再就業及學習歷程之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-179。
  4. 張辰羽(2015)。領導行為經驗學習歷程之研究-以成人教育志工領導者為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-152。
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