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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 193 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天威(2005)。台北縣青少年女性休閒運動參與狀況與阻礙因素之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 王註源(2005)。桃園縣國中教師休閒運動參與現況及其阻礙因素之調查研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  3. 吳佳玟(2009)。臺北市國小足球參與者運動價值觀及社會支持之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 李俞麟、呂芳陽、倪兆良(2010)。中華職棒20年現場觀眾參與行為與觀賞滿意度之研究-以新莊棒球場為例。輔仁大學體育學刊,9,142-162。
  5. 周靈山(2002)。大學生觀賞運動競賽的媒介使用動機、行為與評價研究-以第34屆世界盃棒球錦標賽為例。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,桃園縣。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃浩宸(2014)。國際賽事成績對中華職棒觀賞行為影響之研究-以2013年經典賽為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-86。 
  2. 顏可一(Ko-I Yen);張少熙(Shao-Hsi Chang)(2013)。101學年度大專籃球聯賽現場觀眾運動觀賞動機與滿意度之研究。運動休閒管理學報。10(3)。40-62。 
  3. 劉恬安(2012)。數位類單眼相機消費行為之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-139。
  4. 黃曉箴(2012)。大專學生運動團隊參與經驗對其畢業後運動行為之影響研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-175。
  5. 王嘉寧(2013)。數位單眼相機消費者生活型態及消費者行為之研究-以女性為例。臺灣師範大學運動休閒與餐旅管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-175。
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