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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王傑賢(2004)。體育館設施服務品質之顧客滿意度研究:以「國立台灣師範大學綜合體育館重量訓練室」為例。體育學報,36,181-194。
  2. 王傑賢(2008)。消費者使用休閒設施滿意度對再購意願之影響:重視程度與繳費方式調節作用。運動教練科學,10,31-44。
  3. 何全進(2002)。不同運動員自我認同之運動樂趣來源與運動動機之相關研究。興大體育,6,95-108。
  4. 吳兆欣、包怡芬、王宏宗、賴茂盛、吳茂盛(2008)。高爾夫運動消費族群休閒滿意度之調查研究。北體學報,16,260-268。
  5. 吳孟爵、楊東震、黃泰源(2006)。運動休閒服務業關係品質對忠誠度影響之研究─滿意度的中介效果。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,5,146-154。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭椀玲(2016)。臺中市大墩文化中心藝文研習活動服務品質之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-266。
  2. 李月文(2016)。雲林縣臺西樂齡成員對課程學習及影響層面之EGM研究。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-91。
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