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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王郁菁(2009)。「整合性音樂素養教學」運用於學齡前兒童音樂學習成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學音樂學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 吳美玲(2002)。兒歌在幼兒音樂課中的觀察與分析研究。國立台灣師範大學音樂學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  3. 吳美慧(2002)。威廉斯創造思考教學模式教材設計對國小學童創造力認知、情意及自然科學業之影響。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所,未出版碩士,臺北市。
  4. 吳貞慧(2009)。創造思考運用在國小中年級寫作教學之研究。高雄師範大學國文教學碩士班,未出版,高雄市。
  5. 呂宜親(2001)。視覺創意思考應用於國小音樂教學之研究。國立臺灣師範大學音樂研究所,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾瓊瑩(2015)。達克羅士音樂節奏教學法對增進國小三年級學童音樂節奏感與音樂欣賞能力之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-116。
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