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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 230 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁一顧(2003)。美、英、紐、日初任教師導入方案及其對我國之啟示。課程與教學季刊,6(3),87-104。
  2. 王雅玄、陳幸仁(2007)。離島教師的偏遠論述:教師社會學分析。高雄師大學報:教育與社會科學類,23,67-89。
  3. 白雲霞(2003)。學校本位課程發展理論模式。高雄市:復文。
  4. 李奉儒(2008)。英國中小學教師素質管理制度之研究。載於楊深坑、王秋絨、李奉儒(主編),中小學教師素質管理制度比較研究(頁17-49)。臺北市:高等教育。
  5. 李逢堅(2010)。從課業難度、學習狀態、成績壓力與教師態度檢視國中學生社會再製現象之研究。中等教育,61(3),52-71。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴秀芳(2014)。能源創新教材對偏遠地區國小教師之增能成效分析-以台中市山線為例。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2014。1-141。
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