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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李苑宜(民98)。幼兒色彩偏好與氣質之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立
    2. 李彥霖(民96)。幼兒氣質與其食物選擇知覺之相關研究(未出版碩士論
    3. 余年梅(民96)。幼兒氣質對其關係攻擊行為之影響(未出版碩士論
    4. 林慧娟 (民97 )。國小二年級幼童家庭語文環境、閱讀動機與閱讀理
    5. 張美麗(民80)。中部地區幼兒氣質特徵之研究。台中師院學報,5,
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林芸如(2012)。不同家庭閱讀環境中幼兒讀寫萌發之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-143。 
    2. 邱卿瑜(2013)。幼兒氣質與感覺統合發展的關聯。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2013。1-78。
    3. 林宣妤(2016)。屏東縣公立幼兒園教師推動親子共讀及家長參與之相關研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-152。
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