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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳貴珍(2005)。國小補校教師對成人學習者特性知覺教學型態關係之研究。國立中正大學成人及繼續教育學系碩士論文。
  2. 黃益松(2001)。在職進修部學生學習動機、學習滿意度與學習後行為關係之研究。中華大學工業工程與管理研究所。未出版。
  3. 楊招謨、陳東陞(1997) 。國小高年級學童學習策略之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,5,169-198。
  4. 廖曉青(2007)。英語教育學。台北: 心理出版社。
  5. 簡正鎰(2005)。進行質性訪談研究有關倫理議題之探討,輔導季刊41(1),47-57。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江佩珊(2013)。公民教育融入成人英語教學之行動研究-以台南市社區大學為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-122。
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