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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部(2007)。2006年身心障礙者生活需求調查報告。臺北:內政部社會司。
  2. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2008)。考察美國身心障礙者職業重建服務制度計畫。臺北:行政院勞工委員會。
  3. 王雲東、林怡君(2004)。身心障礙者支持性就業服務方案之成本效益分析──以「陽光社會福利基金會90 年度支持性就業服務方案」為例,東吳社會工作學報,10,119-147。
  4. 王雲東、林怡君(2005)。身心障礙者社區支持性就業服務方案之成本效益分析──以「陽光社會福利基金會92-93 年度支持性就業服務方案」為例,發表於「兩岸四地華人社區學術研討會」。2005 年6 月29 日。台北:輔仁大學。
  5. 王雲東、林怡君(2007)。身心障礙者支持性與庇護性就業服務方案之成本效益比較分析-以「陽光社會福利基金會2006年~2007年支持性與庇護性就業服務方案」。陽光社會福利基金會。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳欣如(2013)。漫漫長路之就業歷程-以台南市成人智能障礙者為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  2. 董奕弦(2017)。自閉症者家庭居家服務使用經驗初探。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2017。1-153。 
  3. 孫鶴珍(2012)。生命樂章之合奏-專業團隊成員為燒燙傷者提供服務之研究。臺灣師範大學復健諮商研究所學位論文。2012。1-155。
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