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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱芬郁(2006)。高齡者學習社區策略規劃之研究。未出版博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 朱彩馨、彭虹綾(2009)。提昇科技中介學習成效-從個人內在認知因素探討合作學習的成效。資訊管理學報,16(1),135-162。
  3. 江玉卉(2002)。實施休閒教育影響國中學生自我效能感之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 李月萍,陳玉敏(2004)。自我效能理論於老人運動行為之應用。長庚護理,15(4),416-422。
  5. 李堅萍(2008)。自我效能激發策略提昇陶藝技能學習成效的實驗研究。藝術學報,83,37-57。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁菽蔚(2013)。實用技能學程學生學習歷程 及自我效能之發展。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2013。1-252。
  2. 盧婧宜(2014)。中高齡者未來準備之學習歷程:前瞻因應觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-143。
  3. 周維玲(2014)。樂齡學習中心教師美學教學信念之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-216。
  4. 蔡沛穎(2016)。護理之家中高齡住民參與體能促進方案發展與成效研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-148。
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