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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何俊志(2004)。結構、歷史與行為——歷史制度主義對政治科學的重構。上海市:復旦大學出版社。
  2. 周祝瑛(2003)。誰捉弄了教改?臺北市:心理出版社。
  3. 林國明(2003)。到國家主義之路:路徑依賴與全民健保組織體制的形成。台灣社會學,5,1-71。
  4. 林羿佑(2006)。輿論與九年國教之改革(1967-1981)-以《自立晚報》為中心。國立臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 柯志明(2001)。番頭家:清代台灣族群政治與熟番地權。臺北市:中央研究院社會學研究所。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宜緁(2014)。國小輔導人員專業化研究(1991-2013): 歷史制度論的分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-162。 
  2. 蔣斐雯(2013)。高中免試入學可行性研究─以新北市為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-180。
  3. 許峻嘉(2013)。人事行政體系中訓練定位與功能轉變之研究─歷史制度主義的觀點。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-343。
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