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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳麗明(2009):臺北縣市聽覺障礙學生父母對融合教育滿意度之調查研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 高怡齡(2007):談特教班學生家長眼中之親師合作。(未出版之碩士論文)。私立中原大學,桃園市。
  3. 張世彗(2005):融合教育的遞嬗與融合中協助身心障礙學生的方法。國教新知,52(3),1-11。
  4. 教育部(2008):特殊教育簡介。臺北市:教育部。
  5. 郭怡君(2007):幼稚園行銷策略及其成效之個案研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。私立淡江大學,臺北縣。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉盈妏(2015)。國小集中式特殊教育班教師實施融合教育的現況與考量因素。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-145。 
  2. 許凱文(2013)。國中特教班家長參與及滿意度之研究-以新北市為例。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-119。
  3. 馬薇茹(2017)。學前特殊幼兒家長參與及其滿意度之研究─以特殊教育長期追蹤資料庫為例。清華大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2017。1-140。
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